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India’s telecommunication industry is the second largest in the world, providing countless businesses with high-speed mobile and internet connectivity. Suppose your business is one of its over 1 billion subscribers. In that case, you may become even more reliant on it with the deployment of 5G technology as it drives innovations in a wide range of industries.
What is 5G?
5G is the most recent iteration of cellular network technology, and it is expected to become the new global standard. It will provide higher data speeds, next-to-zero latency, more reliability, and greater network capacity.
5G provides consumers with a massively improved user experience. You can expect it to boost the performance of technologies that utilize wireless connections and enable the development of new technologies that enhance users’ quality of life.
5G’s Impact: Innovations and Applications
To understand how 5G will affect the Indian telecommunication industry, you first need to know how it will affect other industries. Here are just some of its many possible applications:
- Smart cities: Data collection and analysis tools can monitor vehicle congestion and waste management, improving the quality of life within smart cities.
- Autonomous vehicles: Self-driving cars aren’t new, but 5G could accelerate their development and enable their widespread implementation.
- Shipping: Drones may become an available service in shipping companies and significantly reduce delivery times.
- Manufacturing: With little to no latency, it’s possible to create high-precision assembly lines with every machine perfectly in sync.
- Healthcare: 5G, in conjunction with AI assistants, could improve the lives of people with disabilities. Remotely performed diagnosis and operations may be possible.
Again, these are just a few of the possibilities. 5G could have applications in construction, quality control, agriculture, aviation communications, etc. What these all have in common is that they will all require the telecommunication industry.
5G will transform the Indian telecommunication industry from a service provider to a service enabler. Network providers won’t just digitally connect your business’s products and services to consumers: they will also be a critical part of the product or service itself.
5G Deployment Challenges
All these applications are extremely exciting. Unfortunately, 5G deployment faces five major challenges:
Most current 5G deployments utilize add-ons to existing 4G networks. However, new infrastructures are needed for it to realize its true potential. These require the development of higher-performance hardware and virtualization technologies, which have their own set of challenges to overcome.
5G network components aren’t cheap. Microcell’s installations cost up to $200,000, while a single small cell, of which hundreds of thousands are needed, costs around $10,000. Buying 5G spectrum, testing, and maintenance also add to the costs.
Issues with Backhaul
The high-speed lines that enable 4G are getting old. New fiber optic cables will have to be laid out, which can take months. 5G will have to utilize wireless network expansion but implementing this is a challenge of its own.
Wired solutions for backhaul are necessary because the high-frequency waves that 5G technology uses suffers from greater signal attenuation. They travel shorter distances and don’t penetrate walls and obstacles very well.
Thankfully, multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO) technology has been found to improve 5G connectivity. However, 5G still needs unobstructed signal paths.
Since most current 5G networks use upgraded 4G infrastructure, the issues in those technologies will also be present. Additionally, 5G networks have more components that cybercriminals can physically attack to compromise a system’s digital security.
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